The Transformative Impact of Laravel Octane on PHP Laravel applications’ performance
Itsavirus Team
Updated on Feb 06, 2024

How Laravel Octane Transforms PHP Laravel Application Performance?

PHP Laravel has become a web development industry mainstay for creating scalable and reliable systems. Laravel is a favorite among developers worldwide because of its sophisticated syntax, extensive feature set, and active community. However, under all of its praise, there remains a nagging worry about performance that frequently causes organizations and developers to pause.

The myth that PHP and Laravel are slower and less effective than other programming languages has plagued the PHP community for many years. Reluctance to embrace Laravel for high-traffic and performance-critical projects stems from this view, based on  the early days of PHP and the conventional request-response cycle of online applications. Nevertheless, a radical change is occurring in the PHP Laravel ecosystem, one that redefines its potential and confronts its biggest criticisms head-on.

A novel solution designed to maximize Laravel apps is here: Laravel Octane. Introduced to enhance the functionality of Laravel apps, Laravel Octane is a fascinating addition to the Laravel ecosystem. is specifically crafted to enhance the functionality of Laravel applications, aiming to improve efficiency and speed. Hence, intended to increase the effectiveness and speed of web applications built with Laravel by utilizing strong servers such as Swoole and RoadRunner.

Laravel Octane

Laravel Octane: What is it?

Laravel Octane is a package that keeps the application bootstrap process running in memory, which improves the performance of Laravel applications. Octane utilizes two application servers, Swoole and RoadRunner, responsible for serving and initializing your Laravel application (Mnzava, 2021). This is altered by Octane, which bootstraps the application just once and then keeps it in memory to handle further requests.

The key concept

Laravel Octane's central  concept is to use persistent PHP processes to handle requests. This method differs from the conventional PHP lifecycle because it doesn't initialize the application on each request. Bootstrapping the entire framework, which involves reading configuration files, registering service providers, and more, is typically required for each request to a Laravel application. Octane lowers the overhead of bootstrapping the application for every request by keeping it loaded in memory, which boosts throughput and reduces  latency.

Why is it beneficial?

  • Performance Boost: By keeping the application bootstrapped in memory, Octane significantly increases Laravel’s ability to handle requests and decreases response times.
  • Effective Concurrency Handling: This feature helps applications with much  traffic by enabling the handling of several requests at once.
  • WebSocket Support: Octane makes real-time event broadcasting easier by enabling you to run WebSockets on the same server.
  • Resource Optimization: Octane maximizes the use of server resources by eliminating the overhead of restarting the application for every request.

What are some more interesting things to learn?

  • Task Workers: Octane can offload time-consuming tasks to task workers in Swoole, improving request response time.
  • Table and Cache Sharing: Octane allows sharing data between requests using Swoole tables or in-memory caching.
  • Compatibility: It’s designed to work with existing Laravel features like queues, jobs, events, etc.

As stated in the article from Runcloud Team (2022), laravel octane is stateful and faster due to the following reasons:

  • Laravel Octane employs a stateful framework for enhanced performance.
  • Standard Laravel creates a new PHP worker for every incoming request, requiring the booting and preparation of the framework.
  • Each PHP worker boots the framework, registers services, and boots providers, followed by middleware processing, controller execution, and view rendering.
  • All HTTP requests share the same booted framework, eliminating the need to boot a new framework for each request.
  • Laravel Octane achieves effective stateful framework implementation and speed enhancement through the utilization of high-performance servers like Swoole and RoadRunner.

What are the key factors to consider?

  • Stateful Application Management: Since Octane keeps the application in memory, managing application state between requests can be challenging.
  • Compatibility: Some packages or services might not be compatible with Octane. It's essential to ensure compatibility before fully transitioning.
  • Deployment and Scaling: Deploying and scaling Octane-powered applications may require different strategies than  traditional PHP applications.
  • Laravel Octane is a game-changer for performance optimization in the Laravel ecosystem. It's particularly beneficial for applications where high performance and efficient real-time data handling are crucial. However, it's essential to thoroughly test and ensure compatibility when integrating Octane into existing Laravel projects.

As we embrace the era of high-performance PHP, Laravel Octane stands out as a beacon, guiding developers toward a future where optimal performance is not just a goal but a reality.

Start to explore Octane and boost your app from here:
https://laravel.com/docs/10.x/octane

REFERENCES:

Mnzava, E. (2021). “What is Laravel Octane?”. Retrieved in February 2024 from https://epmnzava.medium.com/what-is-laravel-octane-3788d8a2aaa2.

Runcloud Team (2022). “Laravel Octane - What it is, why it matters, and how to take advantage of it.” Retrieved in February 2024 from https://runcloud.io/blog/laravel-octane.

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